Cysts, which are known by many people but not exactly what they mean, can occur in different parts of the body. Benign or malignant, fluid, semi-solid or air-filled sac-like formations are called cysts. Cysts, also called tumors, are often a cause for concern. The condition, which is seen as benign in many patients, also has the possibility of malignancy and cancer. In particular, an increase in the size of cysts or their occurrence in sensitive areas may require control by a specialist doctor.

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What is a Cyst?

A cyst is a bubble-like sac, typically filled with fluid or air. This condition, which also resembles a capsule, occurs in different tissues and organs. Cysts, which can be both millimetric and larger in size, can grow over time. This condition, which poses a risk to the body, can damage the tissue and the body. The sac, which is covered with a membrane, can separate the tissue from the organ. If the cysts are filled with pus, they may need to be called abscesses.

Cysts are usually benign. Rarely, cysts that tend to become cancerous do not cause any concern unless they are very large. However, this is not the case for every patient. Just in case, cysts that do not disappear spontaneously after a while and tend to grow may need to be removed surgically. It is therefore advisable to treat cysts that cause pain and similar complaints as soon as possible.

What is a Dermoid Cyst?

Dermoid cyst occurs after abnormal conditions that occur in cells. It occurs as a result of the accumulation and collection of tissues under the skin. The dermoid cyst, which is usually benign, may contain hair, teeth or nerves. These cysts can occur in many parts of the body, especially in the head, neck and ovaries. Dermoid cysts contain many tissues. Dermoid, a special tumor, is more common in people with a family history. These painless and asymptomatic growing cysts can cause pain by pressing on the surrounding tissues in the area where they are located.

Dermoid cysts, which are more common in women, rarely occur in men. This type of cyst, especially in the female reproductive system, is mostly congenital. The symptoms of the cyst, the size of which changes over time, are pain, swelling and discomfort in the abdomen or pelvic area.

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Cysts that need to be treated by a specialist doctor are diagnosed with imaging tests such as ultrasonography or computed tomography. The patient's symptoms and the size of the cyst are taken into consideration for the removal of the dermoid cyst, which also includes surgical intervention among the treatment options.

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How is a Dermoid Cyst Diagnosed?

Dermoid cyst can be diagnosed by physical examination. As a result of this examination, which should be performed by a specialist doctor, the necessary information about the size and shape of the cyst is obtained. Imaging tests may also be requested for cysts close to sensitive areas such as the eye and jugular vein.

The diagnosis of dermoid cyst in invisible areas should be examined very carefully. Thanks to this examination, the location of the cyst and the risk of damage to tissues and organs can be determined. So, how is a dermoid cyst diagnosed?

Does Dermoid Cyst Recur?

Dermoid cysts that are completely removed by surgical intervention are not expected to recur. However, this depends on the success rate of the surgical intervention. If the doctor failed to remove the entire cyst or left small pieces during the intervention, the dermoid cyst may recur. Therefore, it is important to make sure that the cyst is completely removed and that it is followed up regularly after treatment.

It is critical that the patient does not miss examinations. This minimizes the risk of recurrence of the dermoid cyst. Dermoid cysts, which are usually benign tumors, can also press on organs or tissues. It is important that this condition, which has the risk of causing serious health problems, is diagnosed early.

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What is a Skin Cyst?

Closed tissues filled with fluid, pus or inflammation are called cysts. If it is under the skin, it is called a skin cyst. Skin cysts that can be felt when touched can also be seen from the outside. These cysts, which can occur for more than one reason, are usually formed by blockage of the glands that make sweat and oil.

Since it is a very favorable environment for bacteria, it is necessary to be careful. Since the risk of infection of the moving skin cysts is high, there is also a possibility that they may turn into abscesses. Therefore, infected cysts may require longer treatment.

What are the Symptoms of Skin Cysts?

Closed tissues filled with fluid, fat or pus are called skin cysts. These cysts, which mostly occur under the skin, are usually felt by hand. Having a cyst that can grow can disturb patients after a while. Skin cysts, which carry a risk of infection, also directly affect the aesthetic appearance.

Therefore, it is critical that the diagnosis is made early and treatment is carried out as soon as possible. There are many symptoms for patients who have difficulty understanding whether they have skin cysts. So, what are the symptoms of skin cysts?

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One of the symptoms of skin cysts is their growth. These slowly growing cysts can be tiring to monitor.

Cysts, which are usually the size of a pea under the skin, can feel like they are sliding.

Symptoms of skin cysts can also include infection. Painless cysts have a risk of causing pain if they become infected.

Skin cysts, also known as tumors, are generally known to be benign. The risk of cancerization of these cysts, which can frighten every patient, should also be taken into consideration. Therefore, you should be examined by a specialist doctor and take care to have the necessary research done.
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Cyst Treatment

Cyst treatment varies depending on which organ the condition is in. The tissue and type of cyst also affect the treatment. Cysts that are determined to be benign, do not tend to grow and do not cause any discomfort can be treated with regular follow-up. Medication may also be recommended for cysts followed by a specialist doctor. These cysts are expected to heal spontaneously after a while.

Different methods can be used in the treatment of cysts that are followed up for a long time and do not heal. Especially cysts that do not shrink or tend to grow may have a cancer risk. Therefore, cysts can be surgically removed.

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In the treatment of cysts, anesthesia is applied to prevent the patient from feeling pain and soreness. Cysts are removed after the incisions applied according to the size of the cyst. The patient can be followed up for a certain period of time after the treatment. However, cysts that do not heal within this period, pose a risk to organ health and cause infertility may need to be removed with the correct technique. A needle can be used for cysts in sensitive areas. In this way, cysts filled with fluid are drained.

Common Types of Skin Cysts

Common types of skin cysts include epidermoid and sebaceous cysts, ovarian and uterine cysts, Baker’s cyst, ganglion cyst, breast cysts and kidney cysts.
  • Epidermoid and Sebaceous Cysts: Cyst types commonly seen under the skin are called epidermoid and sebaceous cysts. These two types of cysts show whitish or skin-colored bumps that are not rough. Epidermoid cysts, which are usually benign, are more common on the shoulders, back and scalp. The keratin accumulated under the skin causes the epidermoid cyst to appear. Sebaceous cysts contain a fluid called sebum. This type of cyst occurs under the skin.
  • Ovarian and Uterine Cysts: Ovarian and uterine cysts, which form on the inside of the ovary, can also occur on its surface. This type of cyst, which is filled inside, occurs due to hormonal disorders. Symptoms of ovarian and uterine cysts include delayed menstruation.
  • Baker (behind the knee) cyst: Cysts caused by trauma, cartilage tear or knee joint inflammation are called baker's cysts. The baker (behind the knee) cyst, which occurs in the back of the knee bend, is filled with fluid. This cyst in the joint can grow if left untreated. It can also cause symptoms such as severe pain, redness and swelling.
  • Ganglion (Wrist) Cyst: The type of cyst that occurs in the hands or joints is called ganglion (wrist) cyst. These fluid-filled cysts are usually benign. The wrist cyst, which occurs as a result of soft swelling, occurs as a result of injuries. It is more common especially on the fingers and feet.
  • Breast Cysts: The formation of fluid-filled sacs in the breast is called a breast cyst. These cysts, which are usually benign, are felt as water-filled sacs. Breast cysts that occur in the breast area may harden in some cases. Cysts, which may also grow, are not defined as cancerous. Breast cysts, which can cause anxiety with their widespread occurrence, are an anechoic type. These cysts, which can also occur in other areas, show themselves as black in ultrasonography.
  • Kidney Cysts: In kidney cysts that form in the surface layer or in the inner part of the organ, it is also possible to have more than one small cysts. This condition, which can be seen as polycystic kidney disease, can affect the working capacity of the organ. It may even show cancerous tendencies and need to be treated immediately.

What Causes Body Cysts?

The body can produce cysts for many reasons. In particular, conditions such as blockage of the sebaceous glands lead to cyst formation. However, the body can also produce cysts without any cause. Here are the reasons what causes body cysts:
Hormonal Irregularity Icn

Hormonal irregularity

Familial Predisposition Icn

Familial predisposition

Chronic Infection and Inflammation Icn

Chronic infection and inflammation

Blockages in the Sebaceous Glands and Secretory Ducts Icn

Blockages in the sebaceous glands and secretory ducts

Hereditary Diseases Icn

Hereditary diseases

Apart from the above reasons, the body can also produce cysts due to a different disease. Menstrual irregularity or hormonal imbalance leading to cyst formation can be given as examples. Cysts formed for these reasons can be surgically removed. However, if the disease that caused the cyst to form is not treated, the cyst may recur. Therefore, the disease that caused the cyst to form should be treated first.

How Causes a Cyst Form in the Body?

Cysts can occur for more than one reason. Cysts that can grow if not taken care of may need to be surgically removed. Therefore, it is important to show the cyst formed in the body to a specialist doctor. So, how causes a cyst form in the body?

A cyst in the body can also occur for no apparent reason. There is also a risk of another disease underlying the cyst formation.

Pilar Cyst

There are sebaceous and sweat glands to maintain a healthy scalp and protect the hair follicles. Blockage of these glands, which are responsible for nourishing the hair, can cause accumulation under the skin. This can lead to pilar cyst. Cysts, which are generally small in size when they first appear, may grow over time and may cause discomfort.

These cysts, which are usually benign, have a soft structure. Pilar cysts, which have a harder structure compared to glands, rarely go away on their own. However, cysts that tend to grow are more common.

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Cysts that can be felt when touching the hair with a finger can also be noticed as if they are moving. Since they are round, their size may vary from patient to patient. In particular, multiple cysts in the same person may occur in different sizes. In addition to swelling in the pilar cyst, which is recommended to be checked by a specialist doctor; symptoms such as abscess, redness, pain and infection may also be seen.

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Pilar Cyst on the Scalp

Blockage of the sebaceous glands in the scalp leads to the formation of pilar cysts on the scalp. Blockage of one or more of the sebaceous glands that provide nutrition to the hair causes the secretion to accumulate under the skin. This can lead to the formation of a small pilar cyst. Pilar cysts on the scalp can also occur more than once. The size of the cyst may increase over time. This may cause discomfort to the patient.

These cysts, which are filled with fluid and surrounded by a membrane, have an oily and dark appearance. Pilar cysts that cause a bad odor are usually benign tumors. These cysts, which can rarely be malignant, may not pose any health risk. However, the discomfort it causes in the area can affect people both cosmetically and aesthetically.

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Pilar cyst on the scalp, which is seen in everyone regardless of gender, occurs more in men. Cysts that occur in people of all ages are generally more common between the ages of 20 and 40.

Skin Cyst Before and After

The discomfort in the area before and after the skin cyst ends. The growth of cysts, especially in sensitive areas such as shoulders, back and head, can become annoying after a while. These cysts, which are usually benign, rarely have the risk of turning into malignant. In addition, causing discomfort such as infection, redness and pain can disturb patients.

Therefore, patients who consult a specialist doctor do not feel the problems they experienced before the skin cyst after treatment. Cysts on the scalp also affect people cosmetically. This situation, which directly affects the psychology of the patients, ends before and after the skin cyst.

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Skin Cyst Treatment Costs

Skin cyst treatment costs vary depending on the organ and tissue in which the cyst is located and its type. It is possible for some cysts to heal spontaneously. Therefore, it may be misleading to say anything clear about the condition of cysts without a doctor’s control.

If the patient’s cyst does not shrink over time but tends to grow, cancer may be suspected. The treatment costs of these cysts, which are usually removed by surgical operation, may also vary. In addition, the equipment of the doctor performing the procedure and the city in which the hospital is located also affect the costs.

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As a result, it is necessary to see the patient first for skin cyst treatment costs. If you are suffering from this condition, you can contact Lygos Clinic's expert team. You can have the most accurate information about the subject by learning the questions you have in mind and the type of cyst.

Frequently Asked Questions About Removal of Skin Cyst

Cysts of 10 cm or more can be dangerous. These cysts, which have the risk of cancerous tissue, may need to be removed surgically by a specialist doctor.
Cysts are divided into two types: benign and malignant. Cysts on the skin that do not grow over time and whose presence is not felt are expected to disappear spontaneously. However, this does not apply to every cyst that forms on the skin.

A cyst over 8 to 10 centimeters in size or one that grows continuously can be dangerous. The patient is therefore advised to consult a specialist doctor. Cysts that are determined to be malignant by ultrasound and blood tests are removed by surgery.

It is possible to heal dermoid cysts with surgical intervention without any medication. It should be kept in mind that as the size of the cyst increases, the risk of rupture and torsion increases.
Dermoid cysts can prevent pregnancy because they occur in sexual organs such as ovaries. This condition can be diagnosed and resolved with regular gynecological examination.
Uncontrolled bursting of cysts that form under the skin and grow over time can cause infection. Therefore, care should be taken not to touch the cysts.